Social Psychology Network

Maintained by Scott Plous, Wesleyan University

Abraham Tesser

Abraham Tesser

Dr. Tesser's research examines issues related to three areas: self evaluation dynamics; attitudes, thoughts and feelings; and non-linear dynamics in psychology.

(1) Research on self-evaluation dynamics has taken several forms. A self-evaluation maintenance (SEM) model of social behavior focuses on the consequences of another person’s outstanding performance on one’s own self-evaluation. It sketches out some conditions under which the other’s good performance bolsters self-evaluation, i.e., "basking in reflected glory", and conditions under which it threatens self-evaluation through a comparison process. Recently, this work is proving useful in understanding certain dynamics in intimate relationships such as marriage.

(2) What are the effects of "mere thought" on attitudes? Early work demonstrated that simply thinking about some attitude issue tends to polarize feelings. It also suggested that attitudes are often constructed from salient thoughts or feelings. This work has gone in two directions. Work on "rumination" tries to understand the conditions under which "mere thought" will or will not occur. The "mis-match" model is concerned with the relationship between attitudes and behavior. Attitudes may be based primarily on thoughts or feelings; behavior may be determined primarily by thoughts or feelings. Attitudes will best predict behavior when there is a match in the extent to which each is determined by thoughts or by feelings.

(3) Mathematical models attempting to understand complexity, unpredictability, non-linear relationships, and self-similarity at various levels of measurement have become important in science. One line of work uses one of these models to understanding the outcome of conflicts between individual dispositions, i.e., attitudes, and normative pressures. It suggests that the greater the social pressure the greater the non-linearity in the system. In other work, nonlinear evaluative change rules are used to understand self-organization, and the dynamics of non-linear effects are explored in intimate relationships.

Primary Interests:

  • Attitudes and Beliefs
  • Close Relationships
  • Evolution and Genetics
  • Interpersonal Processes
  • Motivation, Goal Setting
  • Self and Identity
  • Social Cognition

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Journal Articles:

  • Nowak, A., Vallacher, R. R., Tesser, A., & Borkowski, W. (2000). Society of self: The emergence of collective properties of self-structure. Psychological Review, 107, 39-61.
  • Tesser, A. (2002). Constructing a niche for the self: A bio-social, PDP approach to understanding lives. Self and Identity, 1, 185-191.
  • Tesser, A. (1993). On the importance of heritability in psychological research: The case of attitudes. Psychological Review, 100, 129-142.
  • Tesser, A., & Bau, J. J. (2002). Social psychology: Who we are and what we do. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 72-85.
  • Tesser, A., Crepaz, N., Collins, J. C. , Cornell, D., & Beach, S. R. H. (2000). Confluence of self defense mechanisms: On integrating the self zoo. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 1476-1489.

Other Publications:

  • Martin, L. L., & Tesser, A. (2006). Extending the goal progress model of rumination: Goal re-evaluation and growth. In L. J. Sanna & E. C. Chang (Eds.), Judgments over time: The interplay of thoughts, feelings, and behavior (pp. 145-162). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Martin, L., & Tesser, A. (1996). Some ruminative thoughts. In R. S. Wyer (Ed.), Advances in social cognition. (Vol. 9, pp. 1-48). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. [Target essay followed by commentaries.]
  • Tesser, A. (1988). Toward a self-evaluation maintenance model of social behavior. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 21, pp. 181-227). New York: Academic Press.

Abraham Tesser
308 West Lake Drive
Athens, Georgia 30606
United States of America

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